ANSWERS: 2
  • There are many monomers of carbohydrate, the most common being glucose and fructose. There is also galactose and many others. Because there are many type of monomers, there are many different bonds formed, by dehydration synthesis. Finally, your last question doesn't make sense. The purpose of carbohydrate is the storage of energy. The purpose of the bonds are to keep the monomers together in a polymer, and the purpose of each monomer is to store energy and to be built into polymers.
  • "The carbohydrates or saccharides of carbohydrate components A and B primarily differ in size. Nevertheless, mixtures have found to be particularly efficient, wherein the carbohydrates or the saccharides of carbohydrate component A, on the one hand, and of carbohydrate component B, on the other hand, are of a different structure. This different structure may, for example, concern the monosaccharide composition when, for example, fructans are used on the one hand, and galactans, on the other hand. This different structure may likewise concern the glycosidic bonding (e.g. α-galacto oligosaccharaides versus β-galacto oligosaccharaides or α-glucans (starch) versus β-glucans (cellulose)). The monomer composition, as well as the glycoside bonding may have an influence on the chemical behaviour (e.g. solubility) or on the physiological behaviour (e.g. digestibility)." Source and further information: http://www.faqs.org/patents/app/20080207559

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